Intuition, Sensation, Thinking and Feeling are the four basic Jungian types. The mental map of consciousness at the bottom of this page expands upon and integrates the Jungian concept of eight complementary psychological elements with George Santayana‘s idea of the transcendental, humanistic and naturalistic perspectives (See Three Philosophical Poets: Lucretius, Dante, Goethe). Religion and Spirituality belong to the transcendental perspective. Literature, Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Art and History all belong to the Humanistic Perspective. Nature and Science belong to the Naturalistic Perspective.
There is an affinity between those who are drawn to the left side of the mental map, especially the INFPs, just as there is an affinity between those who are drawn to the right side of the mental map, especially the ESTJ. These two “pure types” are psychological opposites and will have the most difficult time understanding and appreciating each other.
Religion and Spirituality have an intuitive, imaginative, emotive and aesthetic affinity with Literature, Psychology and the Arts. Nature and Science have a sensory, rational, temporal-spatial and empirical affinity with Philosophy, History and Science . It is not difficult to see why “sense and sensibility” talk past each other. The tough-minded clinically detached objectivist and the tender-minded relational inter-subjectivist are two halves of a whole person, but each side attempts to absolutize or at least privilege its authority as the final vocabulary and voice of commanding conviction. Now do you negotiate between the transcendental, humanistic and naturalistic perspectives? Do you see any realistic possibility of integration, or are they non-overlapping, incompatible, contradictory or incommensurable?
A MAP OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND CULTURAL SENSIBILITIES
Intuitive Function (N):
THE PRIMAL DOMAIN OF RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY
“The Transcendental Perspective”
Intuitive Feeling Function (NF) & Intuitive Thinking (NT) Function
THE PRIMAL DOMAINS OF LITERATURE & PHILOSOPHY
“The Humanistic Perspective A”
Introversion Function (I) & Extroversion Function (E)
THE PRIMAL DOMAINS OF PSYCHOLOGY & SOCIOLOGY
“The Humanistic Perspective B”
Perceptive Function (P) & Judging Function (J)
THE PRIMAL DOMAINS OF ART & HISTORY
“The Humanistic Perspective C”
Sensation Function (S):
THE PRIMAL DOMAINS OF NATURE & SCIENCE
“The Naturalistic Perspective”