5. Reflections on Creativity



Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and valuable is created (such as an idea, a joke, an artistic or literary work, a painting or musical composition, a solution, an invention etc.). The range of scholarly interest in creativity includes a multitude of definitions and approaches involving several disciplines; psychology, cognitive science, education, philosophy (particularly philosophy of science), technology, theology, sociology, linguistics, business studies, and economics, taking in the relationship between creativity and general intelligence, mental and neurological processes associated with creativity, the relationships between personality type and creative ability and between creativity and mental health, the potential for fostering creativity through education and training, especially as augmented by technology, and the application of creative resources to improve the effectiveness of learning and teaching processes.


In a summary of scientific research into creativity, Michael Mumford suggested: “Over the course of the last decade, however, we seem to have reached a general agreement that creativity involves the production of novel, useful products” (Mumford, 2003, p. 110).[1] Creativity can also be defined “as the process of producing something that is both original and worthwhile” or “characterized by originality and expressiveness and imaginative”.[2] What is produced can come in many forms and is not specifically singled out in a subject or area. Authors have diverged dramatically in their precise definitions beyond these general commonalities. Peter Meusburger reckons that over a hundred different analyses can be found in the literature.[3] Also it is defined as a mind skill (Static subject) or a process(Dynamic meaning)equipping us to make any new idea in any area. Then creativity is essentially not a knowledge or science branch. Instead, it is a skill that may be improved through various methods.(Hamid Rajaei suggested 2008) [4][5]

Hence, creativity is an almost steady ability to generate a new concept with no time, age, kind, manner, way, technics, advantage, efficacy and subject limitation and restriction. But only precisely, is related to novelty and recency. So it only identified by “generating recent or new concept”. Whether seems so floppy and ineffective or very serious and polestar. Whether established on an existent concept made before, or some is fundamentally made up recently. Whether created and made up by mind power or made by mind readymade material before (and assembled with a realizable bit difference) (Hamid Rajaei 2008)[5] (Albeit in battlefield of philosophers)

Aspects of creativity

Theories of creativity (particularly investigation of why some people are more creative than others) have focused on a variety of aspects. The dominant factors are usually identified as “the four Ps” – process, product, person and place.[7] A focus on process is shown in cognitive approaches that try to describe thought mechanisms and techniques for creative thinking. Theories invoking divergent rather than convergent thinking (such as Guilford), or those describing the staging of the creative process (such as Wallas) are primarily theories of creative process. A focus on creative product usually appears in attempts to measure creativity (psychometrics, see below) and in creative ideas framed as successful memes.[8] The psychometric approach to creativity reveals that it also involves the ability to produce more.[9] A focus on the nature of the creative person considers more general intellectual habits, such as openness, levels of ideation, autonomy, expertise, exploratory behavior and so on. A focus on place considers the circumstances in which creativity flourishes, such as degrees of autonomy, access to resources and the nature of gatekeepers. Creative lifestyles are characterized by nonconforming attitudes and behaviors as well as flexibility.[9]

Reflections on Creativity:

The Wikipedia article defines creativity as a phenomenon whereby something new and valuable is created (such as an idea, a joke, an artistic or literary work, a painting or musical composition, a solution, an invention etc.). Creativity is not the same thing as productivity. Creativity places a high premium on novelty, innovation, imagination and originality. Productivity places a high premium on quantity, replication, manufacturing and profit margin. Sometimes the values of creativity and productivity are in tension with each other. One can almost define the Bohemian spirit as committed to creativity and the Bourgeois spirit as committed to productivity. The best of both worlds would be to combine Creativity and Productivity, Originality and Stability, Expressive Play and Utilitarian Work. Those who exaggerate the importance of creativity may be inclined toward eccentricity. Those who exaggerate the importance of productivity may be inclined toward conformity.

Some psychologists have suggested a connection between creativity and neurosis, that is, to anxious states of mind in which one is “far from equilibrium.” Some have connected creativity to manic-depressive bi-polar disorder. Where there may be some connection, pathologizing all creativity may be a tacit endorsement of banality and conformity. Another approach may be to study “highly creative individuals” who also possess traits of Maslow’s “self-actualizing persons.” There have been highly creative persons who are severely neurotic, and there have been highly creative persons who embody robust mental health. The real challenge for the future is how to help persons combine creative intelligence, psychological maturity, productive livelihoods and fulfilling lives.

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Philosophical Reflections and Musings on the Great Questions of Life

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